Journal of Mathematical Physics, Analysis, Geometry 2020, vol. 16, No 4, pp. 418-453   https://doi.org/10.15407/mag16.04.418     ( to contents , go back ) ### Defocusing Nonlocal Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with Step-like Boundary Conditions: Long-time Behavior for Shifted Initial Data

Yan Rybalko

B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 47 Nauky Ave., Kharkiv, 61103, Ukraine
E-mail: rybalkoyan@gmail.com

Dmitry Shepelsky

B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 47 Nauky Ave., Kharkiv, 61103, Ukraine
E-mail: shepelsky@yahoo.com

Received September 18, 2020.

Abstract

The present paper deals with the long-time asymptotic analysis of the initial value problem for the integrable defocusing nonlocal nonlinear Schrödinger equation $iq_{t}(x,t)+q_{xx}(x,t)-2 q^{2}(x,t)\bar{q}(-x,t)=0$ with a step-like initial data: $q(x,0)\to 0$ as $x\to -\infty$ and $q(x,0)\to A$ as $x\to+\infty$. Since the equation is not translation invariant, the solution of this problem is sensitive to shifts of the initial data. We consider a family of problems, parametrized by $R>0$, with the initial data that can be viewed as perturbations of the shifted step function $q_{R,A}(x)$: $q_{R,A}(x)=0$ for $x<R$ and $q_{R,A}(x)=A$ for $x>R$, where $A>0$ and $R>0$ are arbitrary constants. We show that the asymptotics is qualitatively different in sectors of the $(x,t)$ plane, the number of which depends on the relationship between $A$ and $R$: for a fixed $A$, the bigger $R$, the larger number of sectors.

Mathematics Subject Classification 2010: 35B40, 35Q15, 35B30
Key words: nonlocal nonlinear Schrödinger equation, Riemann-Hilbert problem, long-time asymptotics, nonlinear steepest descent method